Online Newspaper Archives

Hōji Shinbun Digital Collection– Hoover Institution Link

The Hōji Shinbun Database is part of the Japanese Diaspora Initiative (JDI) at the Stanford Hoover Institution. Making use of an anonymous $9 million gift, the initiative has digitized and made available for free online dozens of Japanese emigrant newspapers in the Americas. Under the direction of Kaoru “Kay” Ueda, JDI is bringing together a massive collection of Japanese-language newspapers, magazines, and other materials about Japanese emigrant communities in North and South America.

Empire scholars will also be interested in future digitized newspapers published by Japanese communities in China, Thailand, Burma, Korea, the Philipines, Singapore, Taiwan, and the USSR.

Utah Daily ユタ日報– Salt Lake city  1919-1991 Link

The Utah Nippō was the local newspaper for the Salt Lake City Japanese community. After writing for the Shin Sekai in San Francisco, Terasaw Ueno beginning the Utah Nippō with the same buddhist orientation as the Shin Sekai. This paper provides a unique snapshot of life in the central US and was one of the few immigrant newspapers to publish throughout World War II.

Shin Nichibei (New Japanese American News)– Los Angeles 1947-1966 Link  hosted by the California Digital Newspaper Collection, and 1933 Link JDI.

According to Densho, San Francisco newspaper owner Abiko Kyūtarō bought a bankrupt Japanese-language newspaper in Los Angeles in 1922 to act as a sister newspaper to the Nichibei Shinbun, calling it the Rafu Nichibei (Los Angeles Japanese American). Presumably, Abiko’s widow Yonako sold the paper to Watanabe Kōyō in 1931. Momii Ikken restarted publication in April 1947 in Japanese, then progressively included more and more English-language pages–a trend seen in all postwar Japanese community dailies after the war.

Hokubei Jiji (North American Times), 1902-1942 and Hokubei Hōchi (North American Post) 1946-1950 Seattle. Collected at University of Washington’s Nikkei Newspapers Digital Archive Link

Seattle immigrant Kumamoto Kiyoshi founded the Hokubei Hōchi in 1902 as the third Japanese-language newspaper in the United States. Like all west-coast vernacular papers, it was forced to close during the era of mass incarceration (1942-1945). After the war, the paper’s second publisher Arima Sumio restarted the paper, which still publishes today with the support of local Nikkei business owners.  See the North American Posts’ homepage for more: Link

Overseas Japanese-language Newspaper Database (kaigai hōji shinbun detabesu) International Research Center for Japanese Studies Link

The International Research Center for Japanese Studies in Kyoto (Nichibunken) has made nine newspapers from San Francisco and South America available online. The collections here focus mostly on Brazil, mostly in the prewar era. Holdings include:

Burajiru Jihō 伯剌西爾時報 (Brazil Times) São Paulo, 1917-1952

Nichibei Shinbun 日米新聞 (The Japanese American News) San Francisco, 1919-1932

Ajintin Jihō 亜爾然丁時報 (El Argentin Djijo) Buenos Aires, 1924-1943

Seishū Shinpō 聖州新報 (Semanario de São Paulo) São Paulo, 1923-1941

Nippaku Shinbun 日伯新聞 (The Japanese Brazilian News) São Paulo, 1924-1939

Burajiru Asahi Shinbun ブラジル朝日新聞 (The Brazil Sun) São Paulo, 1940-1941

Nanbei Shinbun 南米新聞 (South America News) São Paulo, 1930-1941

Nihon Shinbun 日本新聞 (Japan News) São Paulo, 1932-1937

Bastosu Shūhō バストス週報 (Bastos Weekly) Bastos, São Paulo state, 1951-1978